In the Hungarian inter-war period had many youth organisations. The Levente Youth had many members and many were also members from the Hungarian scouts as well. The members in the Levente had more military and defence characteristic, while the Hungarian Scout's were strictly non military. In this group photo, some Levente members have Scout insignia on. The wooden rifles were a part of the Levente equipment and are today a well sought after collector item.
Various type's of Levente cap badge.
The belt buckle of the Hungarian Scouts
The Hungarian Scouts shirt and the Levente Youth cap.
After a small break in the updates for this blog, I have loaded up with new (old) material added to my collection. The main focus for a while, will be on shorter photo series, rather then single photos like now. Much of the resent acquired material are longer photo series and entire photo-albums and I will try to pick the best and most interesting.
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The M1939 "Csaba" armoured
scout car is greeted by the chrreing Hungarian population in the Erdély (Transylvanian) town Marosvásárhely on the 10. of September 1940. The photograph/post-card's made by the Hungarian Film office, was a popular item to send home with the newly "returned to Hungary" stamp and postmark from the town on the photos.
The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") was a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft. It first flew in 1935. The Ju 87 made its combat début in 1937 with the Luftwaffe's Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War. It served the Axis forces in World War II.
The aircraft was easily recognisable by its inverted gull wings and fixed spatted undercarriage. Upon the leading edges of its faired main gear legs were mounted the Jericho-Trompete ("Jericho trumpet") wailing sirens, becoming the propaganda symbol of German air power and the blitzkrieg victories of 1939–1942
By the end of the war the Junkers Ju 87 where to slow and an easy target for much faster and efficient enemy fighter aircraft's. Due to the Axis forces fuel shortage and lack of air superiority many Junkers Ju 87 remained on the ground. (Wikipedia)
Magyar Országos Véderő Egylet (The Hungarian
National Defence Association) or MOVE was an early right-wing movement active
in Hungary. MOVE grew out of the 'right radicals' phenomenon i.e. those who
strongly opposed the 1919 Hungarian Soviet Republic, but who felt that the
mainstream conservatives were not strong enough to cope with the shift to
When Miklós Horthy ousted the communists, MOVE
largely turned it's support over to him, although it continued to develop a
strong right-wing profile and offering support for Benito Mussolini in Italy and
establishing contacts and support for Germany.
After Hungary's defeat in WW2, MOVE was banned in 1945
under decree 529/1945, ME regulation, §3. as an illegal organisation along with many
pre-war right-wing movements.
In a recent purchase of various Hungarian military photos, I notices these three photographs among the many photographs that belonged together. No name or date could be found on the three photographs and the place could be anywhere in the Hungarian countryside more then 70 years ago. The unknown photographs of the Hungarian Honvéd soldier remain a nice time document.
Hungarian soldiers capture a relaxed moment somewhere in Russia. The temporarily dugout, covered with a makeshift leaf-branch cover tells about the conditions in the first line towards the enemy lines.
Öreg Katonák, Hungarian for "senior soldiers" was a term used for over aged conscripts/volunteers that were serving in the Hungarian army. To fill the ranks and for service at the home front these elderly soldiers filled an important role, many of the soldiers had served in WW1 and had previous military experience that came in a good time when the war effort needed more people.
The soldiers in the photograph are seen wearing the canvas replacement belt instead of the usual leather.
Studio photograph of a Hungarian artillery sergeant-major with a nice WW1 medal bar.
A veteran from the great war, he continued to serve in the, from the WW1 peace treaty reduced Hungarian army. The triangle on the left arm marks that he is a regular army employed, in contrast from reservists and part time NCO's. The buttons on the sergeant-major's tunic are silver coloured as well as the sabre knot, collar stars and stripe and triangle on the arm. The collar colour for the artillery was deep red and the shoulder-boards had the same branch colour.
Hungarian Hussar officers enjoys a game of cards somewhere on the Russian front. The uniforms and ranks are modified for front service with discreet collar ranks. This was made to be less distinctive from the rest of the soldiers and not to draw extra attention by the enemy.
A leader of the Tűzharcos Szövetség (National Front-Line Fighters’ Association) talks from his balcony to people gathered outside of his house. Nice early 1920th photograph from a series from a Tűzharcos Szövetség heritage.
Sergeant Oszkár Kléesz from the infantry regiment in Kecskemét enjoys a day on the horseback in the newly reclaimed Hungarian territories of Délvidék in April of 1941. Hungary annexed parts of the territories lost in 1920 at this time and Sergeant Kléesz took part with his regiment.
(The original photograph is in Black/White and is here digitally colourized.)
Hungarian Honvéd soldiers in an arranged photograph. The soldiers with the stripe marking on the lower part of the tunic´s arm were called "Karpaszományos honvéd", witch meant that the Honvéd conscript had obtained a higher education, degree or had graduated before the start of the service. Usually this meant a rapid advancement to Private1.class (Őrvezető), Corporal (Tizedes) and Lance corporal (Szakaszvezető) after the basic training. Some Karpaszományos honvéd were even eligible for reserve officers training.